The blue peacock, also known as the Indian peacock, is not only of ornamental value, but also a special meat with delicious flesh and deliciousness. Han Junfeng, a laid-off worker at Suibin Farm, has introduced a group of blue peacocks since 2000 and has grown to more than one hundred at present, after many years. In breeding, he mastered the breeding, hatching and brooding techniques of blue peacocks in the cold regions of the north, and established a blue peacock farm that sells eggs, young peacocks, peacocks and peacock products. The technical points are summarized as follows:
First, the blue peacock feed and diet formula
The feed formulation of the blue peacock is: the mixed feed consisted of corn flour 30%, sorghum flour 10%, soybean cake 20%, bran 10%, barley residue 22%, fishmeal 4.5%, bone meal 3%, and salt 0.5%. Supplementary feeds include bone meal, calcium carbonate, shells, trace elements, and a variety of vitamins. Green feed must be chopped and mixed, or it can be fed separately. Pellet is a standing feed, and pockmarked, suzi and other oil crops are complementary feed for the winter season. In the breeding season, the moulting period or the brooding period should be properly fed some vitamin B1, B2 and vitamin E and shell powder, bone meal and other mineral feed.
Second, the breeding technology of blue peacock
1, breeding period
The breeding season of blue peacocks has a strong seasonality, generally from June to August. However, under captive breeding conditions, the breeding season can often be advanced and extended, thus prolonging the egg production season.
(1) Estrus and courtship
Adult blue peacocks, especially male peacocks, often chase female peacocks, and cover feathers of rudder feathers through the contraction of the skin muscles. They spread themselves as fan-shaped, commonly known as â€œopen screenâ€, and constantly shake and scream. And can open the screen several times, each time up to 5 to 7 minutes long, and turn left and turn right, the eye spots on the feathers reflected luster, attracted female peacock frequently close to the public peacock. In the case of group rearing, the female peacock, who has sometimes been estrus, has been frustrated and frustrated by the male peacock.
Male and female mating ratio of 1:3 to 5, maternal peacock mating 15 days after the egg production, for this purpose in the corner dug a sand pit, put sand for their egg production. There should be someone who is on duty to pick eggs and avoid egg tarts or cuddling.
(1) Natural hatching
It is best to use nestling chickens and native grass chickens for hatching, and use cockroaches to wake up the female peacock. In general, a small, cuddly chicken can only hold 4 to 6 peacock eggs each time. During hatching, the hens are released or held twice a day in the morning and in the afternoon to defecate and supply drinking water and grains. After about 15 minutes, they continue to hatch. The incubation period of peacock is 26 to 28 days, of which eggs are examined on the 7th, 14th and 21st days respectively.
(2) artificial hatching
For hatchers, the hatcher can be hatched as long as the hatcher is reformed according to the size of the peacock eggs. Disinfect eggs and incubators as usual. The hatching process is basically the same.
Third, feeding management process
1. Peacock House
As a species of peacock, the site is kept in small groups for easy management. As a merchandise farm, the size of the house depends on the scale. The general hatchery and brooding room are required to be cool in winter and cool in summer. Peacock can be more generous. As for the venue should be dry, good drainage. The general equipment is the same as the chicken.
2, feeding and management during the brooding period
The brooding period is 2 months. The newborn peacock is a yellow-brown velvet feather with a slightly deeper top and back, a lighter belly and a dark brown fly feather. Usually artificial brooding is used, and 1 to 20 days of age are raised in cages or cages. Each grid is 250 centimeters long, 200 centimeters wide, and 60 centimeters high. There are habitats for indoor and outdoor habitats. Cage education should be promoted. Chick cages can be used.
(1) Cage brooding temperature and humidity
1 to 10 days at 34 to 38Â°C, 11 to 20 days at 28 to 26Â°C, and 21 to 30 days at 26 to 24Â°C. After the feathers increase, it can be the same as the room temperature. Relative humidity is controlled at 60% to 70%.
(2) feed and feeding times
1 to 10 days of age, 4 times a day, feed for cooked eggs, powder, green feed, breadworms, supplementary feed;
11 to 30 days of age, fed three times a day, feed for cooked eggs, minced meat, powder, green feed, bread worms, supplementary feed;
At the age of 31-60 days, feed 2 or 3 times a day. The feed is the same as above, plus corn residue, sorghum, etc.
It is appropriate to use 40-50 pigs per group and reduce the stocking density as the age increases. Take free food and drink. Keep the environment quiet and prevent surprises. And set up signal conditioning to facilitate management. Regular disinfection, deworming and disease prevention, rodent control, and animal protection work. Timely gaping sick chicks.
3, feeding and management during the breeding period
The growth period refers to the growth period from 61 days to adulthood (2 years). The indoor area of â€‹â€‹bred house accounts for about 1/3 of the area, the height of the sports field network is 5 meters, and the indoor peripherals are perched on the house, and the rearing density is 20/100 square meters. The best feed for homozygous pellets, fed twice a day, green feed fed two times, should regularly measure body weight. For example, as a commodity peacock, it can be listed after being raised for 3.5 to 4 kg after 8 months of age.
4. Feeding Management in Adulthood
Peacock adulthood refers to the peacock during the laying period of more than 2 years or the peacock during the perinatal period. The ratio of male to female in each species of peacock house is 1:3 to 5, the area of â€‹â€‹the house is 5 meters and 10 meters, indoor and outdoor, and the net height is 5 meters. The mesh is 1.5 centimeters and 2.5 centimeters. Shady plants should be planted on the playground. Quantitative feeding, keep quiet, pay attention to cleanliness.
(1) Spring management During the breeding season, with large amounts of activity and large feed intake, diets should be adjusted in time, and attention should be paid to the supply of protein, vitamins, and minerals. Nests are placed in the corners (paving sand or soft grass).
(2) The summer management should feed more concentrate, increase green feed, and prevent mildew. Do a good job of cleaning and cooling the sun.
(3) The autumn management is in the normal physiological moult period of peacock, and the feed must be reduced or stopped. Moulting moulting should be adopted during moulting, which can effectively shorten the number of natural moulting days. In addition, high quality and high price feathers can be obtained. Through appropriate control of water, feed, and lighting, the environmental conditions of the moult can be changed suddenly. In order to achieve the purpose of neat moulting. It is also possible to feed zinc oxide additives without limiting the feeding conditions. The peacock can be accelerated 7 to 10 days after the moult, at night can try to pull the main wing feathers, tail feathers, if you can easily pull the puller, pull it not pull, 50% feathers fall off or pull out, you should stop feeding zinc additives . In addition, the content of animal and plant proteins, vitamins, minerals, and trace elements should be increased in the diet to promote feather growth.
(4) Winter management Increase grain and oilseeds in the diet. The floor can be covered with some litter, keep warm while paying attention to ventilation.
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